Home  >  Health Resources  >  Health Encyclopedia

Laryngeal Cancer: Your Chances for Recovery (Prognosis)

Laryngeal Cancer: Your Chances for Recovery (Prognosis)

What is a prognosis?

Prognosis is the word your healthcare team may use to describe your chances of recovering from cancer. Or it may mean your likely outcome from cancer and cancer treatment. A prognosis is a calculated guess. It’s a question many people have when they learn they have cancer. 

Making a choice

The decision to ask about your prognosis is a personal one. It’s up to you to decide how much you want to know. Some people find it easier to cope and plan ahead when they know their prognosis and the statistics for how well a treatment might work. Other people find statistics confusing and frightening. Or they might think statistics are too general to be useful.

A doctor who is most familiar with your health is in the best position to discuss your prognosis with you and explain what the statistics may mean in your case. At the same time, you should keep in mind that your prognosis can change. Cancer and cancer treatment outcomes are hard to predict. For instance, a favorable prognosis (which means you’re likely going to do well) can change if the cancer spreads to key organs or doesn’t respond to treatment. An unfavorable prognosis can change, too. This can happen if treatment shrinks and controls the cancer so it doesn’t grow or spread.

What goes into a prognosis

When figuring out your prognosis, your doctor will consider all the things that could affect the cancer and its treatment. Your doctor will look at risk estimates about the exact type and stage of the cancer you have. These estimates are based on what results researchers have seen over many years in thousands of people with the same type and stage of cancer.

If your cancer is likely to respond well to treatment, your doctor will say you have a favorable prognosis. This means you’re expected to live many years and may even be cured. If your cancer is likely to be hard to control, your prognosis may be less favorable. The cancer may shorten your life. It’s important to keep in mind that a prognosis states what’s likely or probable. It is not a prediction of what will definitely happen. No doctor can be fully certain about an outcome.

Your prognosis depends mainly on:

  • The type and location of the cancer

  • The stage of the cancer

  • Your overall health

  • Your treatment decisions

Understanding survival rates

Survival rates show how many people live for a certain length of time after being told they have cancer. The rates are grouped for people with certain types and stages of cancer. Many times, the numbers used refer to the 5-year or the 10-year survival rate. That’s how many people are living 5 years or 10 years after diagnosis. The survival rate includes people at these different stages:

People who are cancer-free or cured

People who have few or no signs or symptoms of cancer

People who are getting cancer treatment

What are the survival rates for laryngeal cancer?

These are the 5-year relative survival rates for each site of laryngeal cancer from the National Cancer Database for people diagnosed in 1998-99. If you have recently been diagnosed, you may have a more favorable outlook because of treatment improvements. Your survival rate also depends on where the cancer is located.

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the supraglottis:

  • Stage I cancer is 59%

  • Stage II cancer is 59%

  • Stage III cancer is 53%

  • Stage IV cancer is 34%

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the glottis:

  • Stage I cancer is 90%

  • Stage II cancer is 74%

  • Stage III cancer is 56%

  • Stage IV cancer is 44%

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the subglottis:

  • Stage I cancer is 65%

  • Stage II cancer is 56%

  • Stage III cancer is 47%

  • Stage IV cancer is 32%

Five-year relative survival rates for cancer in the hypopharynx:

  • Stage I cancer is 53%

  • Stage II cancer is 39%

  • Stage III cancer is 36%

  • Stage IV cancer is 24%

Talking with your healthcare provider

You can ask your healthcare provider about survival rates and what you might expect. But remember that statistics are based on large groups of people. They can’t be used to say what will happen to you. No two people are exactly alike. Treatment and how well people respond to treatment will vary.


Today's Interactive Tools