Patient Resources

Diabetes Disease Facts

Diabetes is a disease that can have serious side effects on many parts of the body, sometimes permanently. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to heart and kidney disease, amputations, blindness and other serious problems.

  • Diabetes was the seventh leading cause of death listed on U.S. death certificates in 2006.
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20–74 years.
  • Diabetic retinopathy causes 12,000 to 24,000 new cases of blindness each year.
  • In 2004, about 71,000 non-traumatic lower-limb amputations were performed in people with diabetes.
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure.
  • It increases the chance of having heart disease or suffering a stroke, by two to four times.

But, with the help of professionals at Palomar Health, you can learn how to control your diabetes and lower your risk for these long-term complications.

Learn how to stay active with type 1 diabetes. 

Prediabetes and Types of Diabetes

Prediabetes is when your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as Type 2 which could be a result of prediabetes. Diet, exercise and weight loss can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. These lifestyle changes help you to live a healthy life, no matter what type of diabetes you may have. 
What can you do to avoid diabetes type 2:
Exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week
Lose weight—even losing 7% of your body weight reduces chances of diabetes type 2  by over half
See your doctor two times a year for A1C tests and blood pressure checks

Type 1 diabetes   
Type 1 diabetes is when the pancreas can no longer provide enough insulin to manage blood sugar and requires you to take insulin. Children between the ages of four and seven and between 10 and 14 are often diagnosed with Type 1, but it can occur at any age. Other risk factors include genetics, family history and geography.
Type 1 diabetes treatment:
Taking insulin
Carbohydrate, fat and protein counting
Frequent blood sugar monitoring
Eating healthy foods
Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight
Type 2 diabetes
With type 2 diabetes, the body still makes insulin but the body becomes resistant to the insulin so the blood sugar level rises. The good news is that type 2 can be controlled with diet, exercise and weight loss. Risk factors of type 2 diabetes include adults +45 years old, high blood pressure, little or no physical activity, being overweight and a family history.
Type 2 diabetes treatment:
Healthy eating
Regular exercise
Possibly diabetes medication or insulin therapy
Blood sugar monitoring
Gestational Diabetes
This type of diabetes is related to the hormonal changes of pregnancy, causing the mother’s body to become resistant to insulin. Risk factors include advanced maternal age, family history, being overweight and ethnicity. According to a 2014 analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of gestational diabetes is as high as 9.2%.
Gestational diabetes treatment:
Check your blood sugar at least four times a day
Check urine for ketones 
Eat a healthy diet as recommended by your doctor
Exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week


To find out more about Palomar Health's services, contact us.

Want to learn more? Palomar Health has many free classes on diabetes health that will help you to deal with diabetes.

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