Your life is made up of occupations--meaningful everyday activities. These occupations can include many roles, such as being a parent, a friend, a spouse, a tennis player, an artist, a cook or a musician. We generally don't think about our daily occupations until we have trouble doing them. If you are recovering from an accident or injury, your valued occupations may be disrupted.
The goal of occupational therapy is to achieve functional independence, return to daily life routines and enjoy a high-quality life.
Occupational therapists help patients across the lifespan participate in the activities they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations) such as self-care, leisure, independent living and work.
Who are Occupational Therapists?
Occupational Therapists provide treatments that help facilitate participation in meaningful and purposeful activities. Occupational therapy provides a holistic approach that considers the patients strengths, goals and surrounding environment to promote improved function to everyday tasks.
Occupational Therapy in Acute Care
Almost any patient would benefit from an occupational therapist to help increase independence with everyday living activities and safety including:
- Orthopedic: Hip, Knee, Shoulder, Spinal Surgery
- Neurological: Stroke, Spinal Cord Injury, TBI
- Cardiac: CABG, MI
- Respiratory: Nasal Cannula, Trach Collar
- Trauma and ICU
Occupational Therapy Services
- Training in self-care activities with adaptive equipment
- Neurological-reeducation to improve balance and coordination
- Splinting and range of motion activities to preserve muscle function
- Strategies to compensate for cognitive and perceptual deficits
- Train post-surgical patients on orthopedic protocols
- Safety awareness training for patients with high fall risk
- Contribute to safe discharge planning and recommendations for transition of care
Examples of Occupational Therapy Interventions
- Education on dressing while maintaining hip precautions
- Teach safe tub, shower and toilet transfers to a patient with a fall history
- Teach one-handed dressing techniques to patient following shoulder surgery
- Improve gross and fine motor skills in a patient after a stroke
- Provide coping skills/strategies to a patient following a traumatic accident
- Provide strategies to compensate for cognitive impairment during daily tasks
- Teach positioning to decrease skin breakdown for a patient on bedrest
- Educate a patient with COPD on energy conservation techniques